Znani Suboticzanie

Danilo Kiš was born in Subotica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now Serbia). He was the son of Eduard Kiš, a Hungarian-speaking Jewish railway inspector, and Milica Kiš, an Eastern Orthodox Montenegrin (born Dragićević) from Cetinje. His father was born in Austria-Hungary with a surname Kon, but changed it to Kiš as part of Magyarization, a widely implemented practice at the time. During the Second World War, Danilo's father along with several other family members, were killed in various Nazi camps. His mother took him and his older sister Danica to Hungary for the duration of the war. After the end of the war, the family moved to Cetinje, Montenegro, where Kiš graduated from high school in 1954.

Kiš studied literature at the University of Belgrade, and graduated in 1958 as the first student to be awarded a degree in comparative literature. He was a prominent member of the Vidici magazine, where he worked until 1960. In 1962 he published his first two novels, Mansarda and Psalam 44. For his 1973 novel Peščanik (Hourglass), Kiš received the prestigious NIN Award, but returned it a few years later due to a political dispute.

During the following years, Kiš received a great number of national and international awards for his prose and poetry.

He spent most of his life in Belgrade until and last decade between Paris, France and Belgrade. For a number of years he was working as a lecturer elsewhere in France.

Kiš was married to Mirjana Miočinović from 1962 to 1981. After their separation, he lived with Pascale Delpech until his early death from lung cancer in Paris.

A film based on Peščanik directed by the Hungarian Szabolcs Tolnai was finished in 2008.

In May 1989 with his friend, director Aleksandar Mandić, Kiš made the four-episode TV series Goli Život about the lives of two Jewish women. The shooting took place in Israel. The program was broadcast after his death, in the spring of 1990. This was the last work by Kiš.

 

Dezső Kosztolányi (March 29, 1885 – November 3, 1936) was a Hungarian poet and prose-writer.

Kosztolányi was born in Subotica, Austro-Hungarian monarchy (today Serbia) in 1885. The city serves as a model for the fictional town of Sárszeg, in which he set his novella Skylark as well as The Golden Kite. He is the child of Árpád Kosztolányi (1859-1926), physics and chemistry professor and headmaster of a school and Eulália Brenner (1886-1948) who was of French origin. He started high school in Subotica but because of a conflict with his teacher he got expelled, and so he graduated as a private student in Szeged. Kosztolányi moved to Budapest in 1903 where studied at the University of Budapest, where he met the poets Mihály Babits and Gyula Juhász, and later for a short time in Vienna before quitting and becoming a journalist - a profession he continued for the rest of his life. In 1908, he replaced the poet Endre Ady, who had left for Paris, as a reporter for a Budapest daily. In 1910, his first volume of poems The Complaints of a Poor Little Child brought nationwide success and marked the beginning of a prolific period in which he published a book nearly every year. In 1936, he died from cancer of the palate.

The literary journal Nyugat (Hungarian for "West"), which played an invaluable role in the revitalization of Hungarian literature, was founded in 1908 and Kosztolányi was an early contributor, part of what is often called the "first Nyugat generation", publishing mainly in poetry.

Starting in the 1920s he wrote novels, short stories, and short prose works, including Nero, the Bloody Poet (to the German edition of which Thomas Mann wrote the introduction), Skylark, The Golden Kite, Kornél Esti and Anna Édes. In 1924 he published a volume of verse harkening back to his early work, entitled The Complaints of the Sad Man.

Kosztolányi also produced literary translations in Hungarian, such as Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet", "The Winter's Tale", Lewis Carroll's "Alice in Wonderland", Thornton Wilder's "The Bridge of San Luis Rey", Lord Alfred Douglas' memoirs on Oscar Wilde and Rudyard Kipling's "If...". He was the first authentic translator of Rilke's poetry, and he worked a Hungarian masterpiece after Paul Valéry's "Cimetiere Marin".

 

Félix Lajkó (born December 17, 1974, Bačka Topola, SR Serbia) is a Hungarian violinist, zither player and composer. He plays a variation of musical styles: traditional string music of the Pannonian plain, Romani music, folk music, classical music, rock, blues, jazz and improvised melodies. In concert, he plays mostly the violin either with his small band or solo.Lajkó was born in Bačka Topola, in the Serbian province of Vojvodina to ethnic Hungarian parents. He started playing the zither at the age of 10. His first contact with the violin was at the age of 12. He has finished the six years of musical school in three years time. Lajkó finished his formal studies and turned towards concerting.

Lajkó has played together with a large number of well-known bands and musicians. He was a member of György Szabados' band, Makúz and Boris Kovač's band, Ritual Nova. He performed together with the world-famous Japanese butoh dancer, Min Tanaka and the French Noir Desir band a number of times. He has had many concerts together with the London-based Romanian violin player Alexander Balanescu and with Boban Marković's brass gipsy band.

Lajkó has composed music for some theatrical plays. Among others he wrote the complete music material for the Subotica Teatre's Public Enemy production. Jozef Nadj from Orléans regularly invites him to compose music for his performances and he has also composed music for choreographies of Ivett Bozsik. He composed the whole musical score for Wheels, a film by Serbian director Đorđe Milosavljević. It was also him who composed the hymn for the 1998 Sarajevo cultural festival, "Sarajevska Zima". He has participated in many fiction films and Miklós Jancsó made his short film Play, Félix! about Lajkó. He wrote music for Towards a New Atlantis, a project of the Venice Biennale in 2000. Lajkó also composed music for and acted as the main character of Kornél Mundruczó's film Delta - a film which won a small prize in Cannes, and was nominated for the Golden Palm. It was the Hungarian Film Festival's winning film, and Lajkó was awarded the best original soundtrack award at the Festival.

 

Aleksandar Lifka (May 20, 1880 – November 12, 1952) was a central-European cinematographer. Of Czech descent, he was born in Brassó in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in what is now Romania. After spending his childhood with his parents in the village of Žatec near Prague, he moved to Vienna to study at technical high school. During that time, he experimented with magic lantern moving pictures, but without success. After completing his education, Lifka traveled to Paris, where he bought a Pathé camera. In 1900, he shot the visit of the emperor Franz Joseph and Queen Elisabeth to the town of Gödöllő, in Hungary.

After his father's death, Lifka and his older brother Karl started a traveling movie theater. It had professional equipment (Gaumont, AEG, Körting) and had a luxurious interior. The first city in which they showed their films was Trieste, Italy. The tour continued in 1901 to Rijeka, Bjelovar, Osijek, and Ljubljana, and in 1902 to Belgrade, Zemun, Novi Sad, and Subotica.

In 1903, the Lifka brothers bought another tent, and Karl separated and settled in Linz and Salzburg. Aleksandar Lifka shot documentary film of some political events, and of common people in the towns he visited.

Lifka visited Subotica again in 1905, and in 1910, he renovated the grand hall of Hungaria Hotel into a permanent movie theater. His wife, Beck Erzsébet, helped him to run the cinema. During World War I, he was hired by Filmkriegspresse to create films about battles in Galizia, where he was wounded. After the end of war he returned to Subotica and stopped making films. After World War II, he accepted Yugoslav citizenship. He died on November 12, 1952, at his vineyard. He is buried in Subotica. At present, only twenty of his original films remain.

 

Đula Mešter (born 2 April 1972 in Subotica) is a Serbian volleyball player of Hungarian ethnicity who won the gold medal with the Yugoslavian Men's National Team at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Standing at 2.03 m, he played as a middle blocker. He also competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.

 

Ivan Sarić (27 June 1876 – 23 August 1966) was an Bunjevac sportsman, athlete, wrestler and one of the founders of the football club in Subotica, and also one of the most important pioneers of aviation in Eastern Europe. As a famous cyclist was competing and winning in many races throughout Europe. He graduated on the Commercial Academy, lived and worked as a bookkeeper in his hometown.

Ivan Sarić was born in Subotica in Austria-Hungary (today in Serbia). While finishing Trade Academy in his native town, Sarić took to sports early – he was an athlete, wrestler and one of the founders of the local football club. He started with cycling in 1891 and soon became on of the best cyclists in the Kingdom of Hungary taking the second place in the 1896 international race in Pécs. He became the champion of the Kingdom of Hungary on a 10-kilometer track in 1897 and then again a year later. In 1899 he won the 25-kilometer race taking place in Vienna and a 100-km one in Budapest. In 1910 he became the champion of Serbia in one-kilometer and 25-km races.

While visiting Paris in 1909, Sarić met some of the French flight pioneers, including Louis Blériot, and saw the first planes and instantly became fascinated with the prospect of flying. Upon his return to Subotica, he immediately starting building his own aircraft, his first construction made entirely from the materials he had close to hand: wood, linens, motorcycle wheels and even piano strings. When he built in the Delphos engine (24 horsepower) early in 1910 his one-winged Sarić 1 was finished. During the summer he was experimenting and practicing with his new machine and then on 16 October 1910, in front of 7,000 of his fellow citizens Sarić took to air successfully. In 1911 he built Sarić 2, an improved airplane with a more powerful motor (50 hp) of his own construction! His further excursions into flying were stopped by the First World War but Sarić continued the work on the ground experimenting with a flying machine that could take off vertically, a sort of early helicopter with a motor of a double star shape; in the tests this machine showed very good results during the probes. Until the end of his life he kept on with his inventions and constructions as well as remaining a sports promoter. He died in his home town of Subotica.

Aero-club in Subotica is named after Sarić as well as the sports-airport in Bikovo, near Subotica.

A reconstruction of his aircraft Sarić 1 is displayed in the Museum of Aviation in Belgrade.

 

Lajos Vermes

 

Bela Lugosi

 

Tihomir Ognjanov