Time: This route is 2 km long and the walk will take about half an hour. Add 2-3 hours if you plan to enter some of the mentioned sites. The sites are listed from the oldest and the northernmost Art Nouveau building in the town following the question-mark shaped route that ends in a Post modernist café. The Art Nouveau in Subotica The City Hall, the Synagogue, the Raichle Palace and dozens of other attractive buildings listed Subotica among the most distinguishable Art Nouveau towns in Europe. Curved shapes, fluidity of lines, free forms, wavy streaks, bizarre colour combination instead of monotonous gray façades - are the first things a tourist notice in Subotica. Art Nouveau was a pan-European phenomena that was expressed differently across Europe bearing different names: Jugendstil, Modernismo, Liberty Style etc. Szecesszió or Secesija was the name given to Art Nouveau here. It was the first style to stop looking backwards in history for ideas. It was inspired by natural forms and structures. Art Nouveau designers believed that all the arts should work in harmony to create a "total work of art" or Gesamtkunstwerk: buildings, furniture, textiles all conformed to the principles of Art Nouveau. In Subotica, as anywhere in Europe, the best craftsmen of the time have worked on the buildings and its interiors. Art Nouveau was most popular at the turn of the centuries, in Subotica between 1893–1913. It was a period of peace and economic growth and society was rapidly changing through industrialization and urbanization. New technology changed people’s everyday life and leisure time became a new concept. So it is not surprising that Art Noveau is often said to be a decadent phenomena or a Divine nonsense. A walk along Art Nouveau Route provides a fascinating insight into Subotica, past and present. From Leović Palace to Papillon café, discover some of the city’s most extraordinary Art Nouveau venues.
In 1893, by construction of this building the new architecture style stepped into Subotica. Some of the characteristics of the new style such as rejecting old forms, human proportions, asymmetry, new materials etc – can be found here.
It was built in 1904 by the architect Ferenc Raichle to be his home and his design studio. Expensive materials, the unusual combination of colours, the vibrancy of forms, the lavish interior and the backyard make this sumptuous house an exceptional example of the Art Nouveau architecture.
This building was designed by M. Komor and D. Jakab who, after completing one big commission (the Synagogue), were waiting for the new one (the City Hall). Designed also in Hungarian version of the style, it was built in 1908 for the Subotica Savings Bank.
Example of the Munich Art Nouveau (Jugendstil) in Subotica is the building number 3 in the Korzo Street. The facade of the 19th century the Golden Lamb Hotel was adapted in 1904 by the local architect Titus Mačković. In the 80s it was pulled down and built as it once looked like.
The architect, Pál Vadász although being the creator of the genuine geometric Viennese Secession in Subotica, designed this building in simple, almost modern concept in 1913. This was a tenement building and it was commissioned by the Council of Subotica.
The City Hall, the centre and the symbol of Subotica, was built between 1908 and 1912. It is 76m high and covers an area of 5838 m². It was designed by Komor and Jakab, the renowned Budapest architects.
Built in 1902, it is one of the finest surviving pieces of religious architecture in the Art Nouveau style in Europe. It is decorated by stylized tulips, carnations and peacock feathers that are typical of the Hungarian version of the style.
The City Museum is situated in the Dömötör family house built in the style of Darmstadt Art Nouveau. It was designed by the Vágó brothers in 1906. Their works had always been decorated with the motive of two birds, which is present on this facade, too.